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Chapter 4

ANTH 2 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Franz Boas, Salvage Ethnography, Stoicism

by

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 2
Professor
Casey Walsh
Chapter
4

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Chapter3:
MortalSelectiveNeglect/PassiveInfanticide:allowingnaturetokillbabywhencouldbe
easilysaved,reflectstheirstoicismandequanimitysincetheydon’texpectany
survivors
● existingpathogens:poverty,deprivation,sexism,chronichungerandeconomic
exploitation
ArmchairAnthropologists:didn’tconductownresearch,butanalyzedothers’,Tyler
FranzBoas(18581942)’fourfieldapproachwasbasedongatheringcult,ling,arch
andbiodata
● extensiveparticipationindailylives,religritualsandeconactivities
● salvageethnography:rapidgatheringofcult,mat,ling,bioinfoaboutUSNative
popsbeingdevastatedbywestwardexpansion
○ histartifacts,photos,recordingsofspokenlangs,songs,oralinterviews,
detailedinfore;religrituals,familypatterns,genderroles,politstructures
● commitmenttocultrelativismandrejectionofethnocentrism
ParticipantObservation:involvingbothparticipationinandobservationofthedailylife
ofthepplbeingstudied
Reflexivity:acriticalselfexaminationoftheroletheanthropologistplaysandan
awarenessthatone’sidentityaffectsone’sfieldworkandtheoreticalanalyses
LiteratureReview:theprocessofreadingalltheavailablepublishedmaterialabouta
researchsideand/orresearchissues,usuallydonebeforefieldworkbegins
Anthropologist’sToolkit:thetoolsneededtoconductthefieldwork,incanotebook,pen,
camera,voicerecorderanddictionary
QuantitativeData:statisticalinfoaboutacommunitythatcanbemeasuredand
compared(ex:popdemographics,econactivity)
QualitativeData:descriptivedatadrawnfromnonstatisticalsources,incparticipant
observation,personalstories,interviewsandlifehistories(ex:personalstories,
interviews,lifehistories,dailylifegenobservations)
Rapport:therelationshipsoftrustandfamiliaritydevelopedw/membersofthe
communitybeingstudied
KeyInformant/CulturalConsultant:acommunitymemberwhoadvisesthe
anthropologistoncommissues,providesfeedbackandwarnsagainstcultmiscues
Interview:aresearchstrategyofgatheringdatathrough(in)formalconvosw/
informants
LifeHistory:aformofinterviewthattracesthebiographyofapersonovertime,
examiningchangesandilluminatingtheinterlockingnetworkofrelationshipsinthe
comm
Survey:aninfogatheringtoolforquantitativedataanalysis
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