Textbook Notes (280,000)
US (110,000)
UCSB (700)
ANTH (50)
ANTH 2 (40)
Chapter 6

ANTH 2 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Institutional Racism, Phenotype, Miscegenation

by

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 2
Professor
Casey Walsh
Chapter
6

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Chapter6:
Race:aflawedsystemofclassification,withnobiologicalbasis,thatusescertain
physicalcharacteristicstodividethehumanpopulationintosupposedlydiscretegroups
● basesphysicalability,mentalcapacity,personalitytraits,culturalpatterns,
capacityforcivilization
● imaginedcategoriesinf.ourschools,placesofworship,media,politicalparties,
economicpractices
Racism:individualthoughtsandactionsandinstitutionalpatternsandpoliciesthat
createunequalaccesstopower,resourcesandopportunitiesbasedonimagined
differencesamonggroups
Raceisnotfixedinnatureas“biological”(99.9%ofDNAsharedbyallhumans),butis
created,perpetuatedandchangedbyindividualandcollectiveaction
● wehavebeenenculturatedtothinkthatskincolor,hairtextureandeye
color/shapecancategorizeppl,butactuallyhumangenepoolisveryporous
Genotype:theinheritedgeneticfactorsthatprovidetheframeworkforanorganism’s
physicalform(ex:gene)
Phenotype:thewaygenesareexpressedinanorganism’sphysicalformasaresultof
genotypeinteractionwithenvironmentalfactors(ex:skincolor)
● oftenweassumethesecaninfluenceone’sphysical/mentalcapabilities,
personalitytypesorcultpatterns
Colonialism:thepracticebywhichanationstateextendspolitical,economicand
militarypowerbeyonditsownborderoveranextendedperiodoftimetosecureaccess
torawmaterials,cheaplaborandmarketsinothercountriesorregions
1492,Colombus’arrival@DR→indigenousinhabitantskilledbylabor,diseaseor
suicide
● DRhascoffee,chocolate,cinnamon,wheat,indio,rosy,faded,blond,fair,dark
andashentodepictskincolor;noblackb/crejectionofAfricanancestry
● DR>Haitians
Miscegenation:ademeaninghistoricaltermforinterracialmarriage
WhiteSupremacy:thebeliefthatwhitesarebiologicallydifferentandsuperiortopeople
ofotherraces
Whiteness:aculturallyconstructedconceptoriginatingin691Virginiadesignedto
establishclearboundariesofwhoiswhiteandwhoisnot,aprocesscentraltothe
formationofU.S.racialstratification
JimCrow:lawsimplementedaftertheUSCivilWartolegallyenforcesegregation,
particularlyintheSouth,aftertheendofslavery
Hypodescent:sometimescalledthe“onedropofbloodrule”;theassignmentof
childrenofracially“mixed”uniontothesubordinategroup
Nativism:favoringcertainlongterminhabitantsovernewimmigrants
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version