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Chapter Introduction

HIEU 158 Chapter Introduction: HIEU 158 Chapter : HIEU 158 Chapter : Kaplan -- IntroductionPremium

2 pages84 viewsWinter 2019

Department
History
Course Code
HIEU 158
Professor
Deborah Hertz
Chapter
Introduction

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Introduction
This book looks at the daily life of German Jews to provide a more intimate and detailed
picture of the effects Nazi policies had on their victims
The German people were as much responsible as the Nazis themselves for causing the
suffering of German Jews
They would take it upon themselves to harass or beat Jewish people in the street
as a kind of “preemptive strike”
The Nazis sent mixed signals to the Jews
Sometimes they would ease their policies or recognize Jewish achievements,
only to begin oppressing them more harshly
Since German Jews felt tied to Germany (its people, culture, etc), many tried to stay as
long as they could
Daily Life and Women’s History
It is important to look at daily life because the Nazis didn’t just start sending the Jews to
camps
Their anti Semitic policies were rolled out slowly so that it was hard to tell what
was going on (whether you were Jewish or not)
Daily life went from normal, to weird, to downright intolerable
Bystanders, in an effort to normalize their lives, turned a blind eye in the
beginning to a lot of things
The Jews tried to live their lives as normally as they could
Looking at women’s history gives you an amazing view of daily life because their
memoirs are mostly about their family, friends, and community
Looking at how they had to deal with increasing anti Semitism in their community
and how that affected basic things like making dinner
A look at how to be normal when nothing is normal
Whats normal when the government is crazy?
Overview of the Jewish Community
Jewish life before 1933
Mainly lived in cities
Worked mainly in business and industry since they weren’t allowed into more
traditional jobs
Very firmly middle class
Jewish women worked outside of the home a bit less than non Jewish women
Were a part of secular organizations
Womens societies
Political parties
Smaller family size and more educated in general
Central Union of German Citizens of the Jewish Faith
Created as a support network for Jews against anti Semitism
After WWI, Jewish people started facing a lot more prejudice and were beginning
to be excluded from non Jewish circles
Establishing the racial state
Hitler and the Nazis based their regime on creating a racial community
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