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Chapter 4

HDFS201 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Binge Eating Disorder, Bulimia Nervosa, Anorexia Nervosa


Department
Human Development and Family Studies
Course Code
HDFS201
Professor
Robin Palkovitz
Chapter
4

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Textbook Notes Ch. 4
-Dementia - global term for any neurological disorder in which the primary symptoms involve
a deterioration of mental functioning; includes MID, Alzheimer disease, and Parkinson
disease!
-Alzheimer’s - progressive, irreversible brain disorder that’s characterized by a gradual
deterioration of memory, reasoning, language, and eventually, physical function; plaques and
tangles in the brain!
-Parkinson’s - chronic, progressive disease characterized by muscle tremors, slowing of
movement, and partial facial paralysis; triggered by degeneration of dopamine-producing
neurons in the brain!
-Stress is increasingly being identified as a factor in many diseases!
-Quality of nursing homes and other extended-care facilities for older adults varies
enormously and is a source of ongoing national concern; in a nursing home, an important
factor related to health and survival is the patient’s feelings of control and self-determination!
-For infants, the importance of receiving adequate energy intake and nutrients in a loving and
supportive environment cannot be overstated!
-For the first 4-6 months of life, human milk or an alternative formula is the baby’s source of
nutrients and energy!
-Malnutrition/poor nutrition and obesity have become key problems among children and
adolescents!
-Being overweight raises the risk for many medical and psychological problems!
-Anorexia nervosa - eating disorder that involves the relentless pursuit of thinness through
starvation!
-Bulimia nervosa - eating disorder in which the individual consistently follows a binge-and-
purge eating pattern!
-Binge eating disorder - involves frequent binge eating but without compensatory behavior
like the purging that characterizes bulimics!
-The dramatic increase in obesity in adulthood in the U.S. is likely due to greater availability of
food, energy-saving devices, and declining physical activity; however, dieting has become an
obsession with many Americans!
-Successful dieters engage in a high level of physical activity!
-At this time, further research is needed to determine whether calorie restriction is likely to
increase longevity!
-Children need daily exercise; individuals become less active as they reach and progress
through adolescence!
-The benefits of exercise continue in adulthood!
-Aerobic exercise - sustained activity that stimulates heart and lung functioning; like jogging,
swimming, or cycling!
-Positive relationships with parents and others can reduce adolescents’ drug use; strongest
predictors of adolescent substance use involved peer relations; early educational
achievement considerably reduced the likelihood that adolescents would develop drug
problems!
-Transition from high school to college may be a critical risk period for alcohol abuse; majority
of emerging adults recognize that drinking is common among individuals their age and is
largely acceptable, even expected by their peers; perceive that they get some social and
coping benefits from alcohol use and even occasional heavy drinking!
-Extreme binge drinking - describe individuals who had 10 or more drinks in a row!
-Student drinking, including binge drinking (having 5 or more drinks in a row in the last 2
weeks), has declined in recent years!
-Pregaming and drinking games have become common on college campuses; higher levels of
alcohol use have been consistently linked to higher rates of sexual risk taking!
-By the time individuals reach their mid-twenties, many have reduced their use of alcohol and
drugs!
-Cigarette smoking peaks in emerging adulthood!
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