UAPP225 Chapter 8: Chapter 8 Notes

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University of Delaware
Urban Affairs and Public Policy
David Carter

Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and the American Public Highvisibility campaigns are expensive to run, but not all elections Americans disapprove of spending large sums of money and distrust campaigners (and the election process) who they believe do not care about their opinions The Myth of Broken Promises Candidates (once elected) fail to keep the promises they made during their campaigns and instead serve their own interests Those elected to office actually do try and keep their promises and achieve their platforms and while money is an important factor there are many other important factors in the election process. Nominations: The Selection Process Why do people run for office? Public service, personal ambition, policy goals Joseph Schlesinger: The opportunity structure The political ladder of local, state, and national offices that results in greater prestige and power as one moves toward the presidency. The Caucus A forum for choosing candidates that was closed to the public (party leaders would decide) until the Progressive Era; contemporary caucuses are local party meetings, open to all who live in the precinct, in which citizens discuss and then vote for delegates to district and state conventions. The delegates then nominate candidates for congressional and statewide offices (20 of the states delegates to the national presidential convention as chosen this way) Most famous is in Iowa (usually 1st of the campaign cycle) Primaries How most nominees are chosen Primary An election in which party members (in some states, non party members and independents may participate) select candidates to run for office under the party banner. Open Primary A primary election in which any qualified voter may participate regardless of party affiliation. The voter chooses one party ballot at the polling place. Closed primary A primary election in which a voter is allowed to obtain only a ballot of the party in which he or she is registered. Used in a majority of the states and DC Partisan primary A primary in which candidates run for their own partys nomination Nonpartisan primary
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