Chapter 1: Introduction to Cognitive Psychology
What is Cognitive Psychology?
Cognitive Psychology -Abranch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of the mind.
Early Work In Cognitive Psychology
• The works of Donders, Ebbinghaus, Wundt, James, and many others provided what
seemed to be the start to the study of the mind.
Abandoning the Study of the Mind
• The works of Watson and Skinner’s idea of classical and operant conditioning,
respectively, became popular. Thus, the introduction of behaviorism cause a decline in
cognitive psychology and this idea dominatedAmerican psychology of many decades.
• However, there were many that were not entirely with behaviorism. One of them was
Tolman and his researches that were among many works that set the stage for the
reemergence of the mind in psychology.
The Rebirth of the Study of the Mind
• The decade of the 1950s is generally recognized as the beginning of the cognitive
• The introduction of digital computer,AI, and information theory.
• Aristotle (384-322 BC) - Emphasized empirical evidence
• Franciscus Donders (1868) - Conducted first psychology experiment. The experiment
measured reaction time using both a simple and choice reaction time task.
• Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) - Fo