AFP- CH 1.docx

5 Pages
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Department
International Affairs
Course Code
INTL 4250
Professor
Loch K Johnson

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Description
Chapter 1: The Objectives and Interests of American Foreign Policy • The Importance of American Foreign Policy o Economic, social and cultural ties have been meshed together due to globalization  positives – spread of literacy, global health care, technology, communication  negatives – global wars, weapons of mass destruction, increase in terrorism o has provided better economic opportunities advanced global market, world economy, stronger ties, trade alliances o globalization – the growth of worldwide networks of interdependence • The Objectives ofAmerican Foreign Policy o foreign policy – a nations pursuit of objectives in the world through relationships with other nations, international organizations and factions o influenced by cultural and moral beliefs and political and economic norms o shape a nations strategy: global objectives and instruments of power to meet those objectives o responsive to changing economic, social, cultural and military condition • Foreign Policy Objectives o physical protection of the nation, citizens and allies o economic prosperity o improvements in quality of life – like clean air and water o advancement of human rights for its own citizens and people of the world • Maintaining Peace and Security o “forming a safer world” o disputes must be handled through nonviolence means in order to solve this AFP problem • Securing Economic Prosperity o security is tied to economic conditions o money flow between countries is highly important o rich states can benefit by helping poorer states o because of globalization, world economies are tied together so the US should care about not only its own prosperity, but everyone else as well • Improving Quality of Life o find solutions to lifestyle issues that affect the US and the world  healthcare, housing and education  water sources and clean air issues  environmental issues, global warming o promoting these issues and helping in the world-wide arena • Upholding Human Rights o eliminating global injustices and the violation of human rights o promoting freedom, rule of law and fundamental human rights o democratic peace hypothesis – democracies will rarely use force against one another  Example: TheArab Spring in 2011 is an example of other countries demanding these fundamental rights • Reviewing American Foreign Policy Objectives o these objectives are difficult to achieve o questions of how the US acts in the international arena are good to ask o primaryAFP issues  Preventing the spread of terrorism – 54%  preventing Iran from obtaining a nuke – 52%  withdrawing from Pakistan – 51%  combating the aspects of climate change – 37%  promoting a peaceful resolution to the Israel-Palestine issue – 34%  countering China's rising influence – 31%  promoting stable democracy in the Middle East and NorthAfrica – 31%  solving the European Debt Crisis – 28%  Reintegrating orth Korea back into the global community – 22% • The Instruments of American Foreign Policy o no nation can achieve all of its IR objectives o large countries who are more developed have a distinct advantage in foreign policy than less developed ones do • Foreign Policy Instruments o intelligence gathering o diplomacy o the use of military force o covert action o economic statecraft o cultural and moral influences o These instruments makes up a states power  power – the ability to persuade other nations or factions to accept its policy decisions • National Security Intelligence o the gathering and analysis of information about global events and conditions, as well as the views and personalities of worldwide leaders and other individuals of significance to the US o helps gather information for all of the other instruments of FP to rely on o Examples  Seal Team 6 Operation to take out Osama bin Laden led to valuable intelligence  Learning the Japanese military code “Magic” led to Pearl Harbor  failed intelligence led to 9/11 and the invasion of Iraq and Afghanistan  this led to the creation of the DNI  goal of the DNI is to establish “all-source fusion” o intelligence helps leaders “know” so that they may “act” • Diplomacy o the art of adjusting dispu
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