AFP- CH 1.docx

5 Pages

International Affairs
Course Code
INTL 4250
Loch K Johnson

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Chapter 1: The Objectives and Interests of American Foreign Policy • The Importance of American Foreign Policy o Economic, social and cultural ties have been meshed together due to globalization  positives – spread of literacy, global health care, technology, communication  negatives – global wars, weapons of mass destruction, increase in terrorism o has provided better economic opportunities advanced global market, world economy, stronger ties, trade alliances o globalization – the growth of worldwide networks of interdependence • The Objectives ofAmerican Foreign Policy o foreign policy – a nations pursuit of objectives in the world through relationships with other nations, international organizations and factions o influenced by cultural and moral beliefs and political and economic norms o shape a nations strategy: global objectives and instruments of power to meet those objectives o responsive to changing economic, social, cultural and military condition • Foreign Policy Objectives o physical protection of the nation, citizens and allies o economic prosperity o improvements in quality of life – like clean air and water o advancement of human rights for its own citizens and people of the world • Maintaining Peace and Security o “forming a safer world” o disputes must be handled through nonviolence means in order to solve this AFP problem • Securing Economic Prosperity o security is tied to economic conditions o money flow between countries is highly important o rich states can benefit by helping poorer states o because of globalization, world economies are tied together so the US should care about not only its own prosperity, but everyone else as well • Improving Quality of Life o find solutions to lifestyle issues that affect the US and the world  healthcare, housing and education  water sources and clean air issues  environmental issues, global warming o promoting these issues and helping in the world-wide arena • Upholding Human Rights o eliminating global injustices and the violation of human rights o promoting freedom, rule of law and fundamental human rights o democratic peace hypothesis – democracies will rarely use force against one another  Example: TheArab Spring in 2011 is an example of other countries demanding these fundamental rights • Reviewing American Foreign Policy Objectives o these objectives are difficult to achieve o questions of how the US acts in the international arena are good to ask o primaryAFP issues  Preventing the spread of terrorism – 54%  preventing Iran from obtaining a nuke – 52%  withdrawing from Pakistan – 51%  combating the aspects of climate change – 37%  promoting a peaceful resolution to the Israel-Palestine issue – 34%  countering China's rising influence – 31%  promoting stable democracy in the Middle East and NorthAfrica – 31%  solving the European Debt Crisis – 28%  Reintegrating orth Korea back into the global community – 22% • The Instruments of American Foreign Policy o no nation can achieve all of its IR objectives o large countries who are more developed have a distinct advantage in foreign policy than less developed ones do • Foreign Policy Instruments o intelligence gathering o diplomacy o the use of military force o covert action o economic statecraft o cultural and moral influences o These instruments makes up a states power  power – the ability to persuade other nations or factions to accept its policy decisions • National Security Intelligence o the gathering and analysis of information about global events and conditions, as well as the views and personalities of worldwide leaders and other individuals of significance to the US o helps gather information for all of the other instruments of FP to rely on o Examples  Seal Team 6 Operation to take out Osama bin Laden led to valuable intelligence  Learning the Japanese military code “Magic” led to Pearl Harbor  failed intelligence led to 9/11 and the invasion of Iraq and Afghanistan  this led to the creation of the DNI  goal of the DNI is to establish “all-source fusion” o intelligence helps leaders “know” so that they may “act” • Diplomacy o the art of adjusting dispu
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.