HR Responsibility to Protect.docx

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Department
International Affairs
Course
INTL 4620
Professor
Andrew Mitchell
Semester
Spring

Description
HR Responsibility to Protect  03/13/2014 Motives for R2P Events of 1990s, # of conflicts, character of conflicts, lack of method for effective response  1990s: end of post cold war increase in # of conflicts, once the east west conflict fell apart (superpowers),   (Sub­Saharan Africa. Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo,; collapse of Yugoslavia; former soviet  unions collapsed in conflict,  Character of conflict: targets are different, not just targeting each other now a greater problem of  noncombatants being the target here, use of child soldiers, use of rape and torture as a tool of warfare,  crimes against humanity being perpetrated all over the place; main target: civilian population Lack of method for effective response: demonstrated in cases of Rwanda and Bosnia; did have a UN  peacekeeping force on ground (intl presence) but still had the crimes happening—genocide in Rwanda and  partial genocide in Bosnia  Intl community desire to make countries respond whereas they otherwise wouldn’t; something other than  just putting everyone on trial;  Paradigm shift, obligation for all countries to respond, societal norm for R2P  Mass atrocities are the world’s business  The atrocities in question  4 big intl crimes: genocide (UN genocide convention, art 6 of Rome treaty: killing people based upon  racial, national, ethnic identity), war crimes (crimes like torture, rape, destruction of property 
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