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Chapter 9

SOC 110 Chapter 9: chapter nine
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2 Pages
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Spring 2017

Department
Sociology - A&S
Course Code
SOC 110
Professor
Horowitz
Chapter
9

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Chapter 9: Gender Inequality
Monday, March 27, 2017
8:43 PM
Key Concepts-
1. Are gender differences due to nature, nurture, or both?
2. How do gender inequalities affect social institutions?
3. Why are women the target of violence?
4. How does social theory explain gender inequality?
5. What are the global consequences of gender inequality?
Sheryl Sandberg and Marissa Mayer are good examples of successful women at the top, but this
doesn't mean that we do not still live in a male-dominated workforce
We still see lawsuits on the basis of men reaping more opportunities and financial benefits as
their female coworkers
Sex- biological assignment
Gender- social expectations based on biological assignment
Gender socialization- learning gender roles through social factors like family and media
Social interaction leads to understanding of gender roles
Gender cannot be caused by nature since it varies globally
o Parental roles switches in New Guinea
o Afghanistan- parents disguise their daughters as sons so that they may receive equal
opportunities
o Native American idea of multiple genders, or being able to extract qualities from both
gender expectations
Patriarchy prevails in most societies, but the US is moving away from that
Jobs and careers are gendered
o Two lowest psych positions dominated by women
Gender typing- designating an occupation as male or female
o Ex: nurses and police officers
Sex segregation- concentration of men or women in different jobs
o Women still make less than men
o Equal Pay Act of 1963
o Lily Ledbetter Fair Pay Act (2009) under Obama
Comparable worth- policies that attempt to remedy the gender pay gap
Glass ceiling- promotion barrier for women's mobility within an organization
Balancing work with housework
38 countries out of roughly 200 are headed by women-- we are not one of them
Infanticide more prevalent in cultures that devalue women
Rape culture- social context where attitudes and norms perpetuate the treatment of women as
sexual objects and give men a sense of sexual entitlement
Feminist theory- sociological perspective that emphasizes gender in analyzing the social world,
which seeks to understand and overcome societal inequalities pertaining to women
Liberal feminism- gender inequality is produced by unequal access to civil rights and social
resources
o Looks to social and cultural ways of explaining gender inequality
Radical feminism- gender inequality is the result of male domination in all aspects of life
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Description
Chapter 9: Gender Inequality Monday, March 27, 2017 8:43 PM Key Concepts- 1. Are gender differences due to nature, nurture, or both? 2. How do gender inequalities affect social institutions? 3. Why are women the target of violence? 4. How does social theory explain gender inequality? 5. What are the global consequences of gender inequality? • Sheryl Sandberg and Marissa Mayer are good examples of successful women at the top, but this doesn't mean that we do not still live in a male-dominated workforce • We still see lawsuits on the basis of men reaping more opportunities and financial benefits as their female coworkers • Sex- biological assignment • Gender- social expectations based on biological assignment • Gender socialization- learning gender roles through social factors like family and media • Social interaction leads to understanding of gender roles • Gender cannot be caused by nature since it varies globally o Parental roles switches in New Guinea o Afghanistan- parents disguise their daughters as sons so that they may receive equal opportunities o Native American idea of multiple genders, or being able to extract qualities from both gender expectations Patriarchy prevails in most societies, but the US is moving away from that • • Jobs and careers are gendered o Two lowest psych positions dominated by women • Gender typing- designating an occupation as male or female o Ex: nurses and police of
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