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Chapter 9

PS 210 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Muslim Population Growth, Islamism, Arms Control

Political Science
Course Code
PS 210
Abby Beatriz Cordova

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Islam and the West
Core state and fault line conflicts
La guerra fria-- uneasy coexistence
Intercivilizational conflict takes two forms:
o Local, or micro, level
Fault line conflicts
Occur between neighboring states from different civilizations
Between groups from civilizations within a state
Or between groups which are attempting to create new states out
of wreckage of old
Particularly prevalent between muslims and non-muslims
o Global, or macro, level
Core state conflicts
Occur among the major states of different civilizations
Issues in these conflicts are the classic ones of international
policies, including:
Relative influence in shaping global developments and the
actions of global international organizations, such as the
U.N., IMF, and World Bank
Relative military power, which manifests itself in
controversies over non-proliferation and arms control and
in arms races
Economic power and welfare, manifested in disputes over
trade, investment, and other issues
People, involving efforts by a state from one civilization to
protect kinsmen in another civilization or to exclude from its
territory people from another civilization
Values and culture, conflicts over which arise when a state
attempts to promote or impose its values on the people of
another civilization
Occasionally, territory, in which core states become front
line participants in fault line conflicts
Core state wars are unlikely to use military force directly against
each other
Core state wars are likely to arise under two circumstances:
Develop from elevation of fault line conflicts between local
groups and kin groups
Changes in global balance of power among civilization
Islam and the west
Westerns argue that there’s no problem with islam, just islamist extremists
The level of violent conflict between islam and christianity over time has been
influenced by demographic growth and decline, economic developments,
technological change, and intensity of religious commitment
A comparable mix of factors has increased the conflict between islam and the
west in the late 20th century
o Muslim population growth generated a large number or unemployed and
disaffected young people who became recruits to islamist causes, exert
pressure on neighboring societies and migrate well
o Islamic resurgence has given muslims renewed confidence in the
character and worth of their civilizations and values
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