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Textbook Notes for Stephen Clark

U OF MBIOLOGY 172Stephen ClarkWinter

BIOLOGY 172 Chapter Notes - Chapter 20.4, 28.4, 31.1: Vacuole, Xylem, Phloem

Rate of transcription of any gene in any type of cell is determined by the combination of transcription factors that are present in the cell and by the
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U OF MBIOLOGY 172Stephen ClarkWinter

BIOLOGY 172 Chapter Notes - Chapter 18.1, 18.4: Human Height, Personalized Medicine, Pleiotropy

Reading #26- 18. 1, 18. 4: complex traits and phenotype. Complex traits are important in plants and animals as well as humans. Many common human diseas
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U OF MBIOLOGY 172Stephen ClarkWinter

BIOLOGY 172 Chapter Notes - Chapter 19.1: Intron, Tata Box, Rna Splicing

Reading #20-21- 19. 1: chromatin to mrna in eukaryotes. Gene regulation in multicellular eukaryotes leads to cell specialization. Gene expression can b
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U OF MBIOLOGY 172Stephen ClarkWinter

BIOLOGY 172 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12.3, 13.1-13.2: Shotgun Sequencing, Chromosome, Reverse Transcriptase

Reading #22- 12. 3, 13. 1, 13. 2- analyzing dna & genome annotation. Pcr allows a targeted region of a dna molecule to be replicated into as many copie
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U OF MBIOLOGY 172Stephen ClarkWinter

BIOLOGY 172 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11.1, 11.2, 11.4: Tubulin, Spindle Apparatus, Actomyosin Ring

Reading #29- 11. 1, 11. 2, 11. 4: cell cycle regulation. Cell division is the process by which cells make more cells. Requirements: 2 daughter cells mu
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U OF MBIOLOGY 172Stephen ClarkWinter

BIOLOGY 172 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9.4-9.5: Overproduction, Growth Factor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor

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U OF MBIOLOGY 172Stephen ClarkWinter

BIOLOGY 172 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9.1-9.3: Autocrine Signalling, Cytosol, Action Potential

Activities of virtually all cells are influenced by their surroundings. Sources of information: physical environment, neighboring cells, nearby cells,
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U OF MBIOLOGY 172Stephen ClarkWinter

BIOLOGY 172 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11.5, 11.4, Case 2: Germ Cell, Dna Replication, Transposable Element

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U OF MBIOLOGY 172Stephen ClarkWinter

BIOLOGY 172 Chapter Notes - Chapter Ch. 41: Distal Convoluted Tubule, Extracellular Fluid, Posterior Pituitary

Homeostasis of water and electrolyte concentration is critical to normal physiological function in all organisms. Osmosis governs the movement of water
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U OF MBIOLOGY 172Stephen ClarkWinter

BIOLOGY 172 Chapter 19.2: Biology 172 Reading 22: mRNA and phenotype in Eukaryotes

Reading #22- 19. 2: mrna to phenotype in eukaryotes. Once mrna is in the cytoplasm, there are many opportunities for gene regulation at levels of mrna
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U OF MBIOLOGY 172Stephen ClarkWinter

BIOLOGY 172 Chapter Notes - Chapter 20.1-20.3, 28.3: Cadherin, Antennapedia, Pax6

Totipotent means it can give rise to a whole organism. Zygote is the fertilized egg which undergoes successive mitotic cell divisions as it moves along
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U OF MBIOLOGY 172Stephen ClarkWinter

BIOLOGY 172 Chapter Notes - Chapter 19.3: Allolactose, Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate, Operon

Gene regulation in prokaryotes is simpler than gene regulation in eukaryotes because dna is not packaged into nucleosomes, mrna is not processed, and t
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