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Chapter 13

PSYCH 270 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Impulsivity, Paranoid Personality Disorder, Antisocial Personality Disorder

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Mikaela Bradley
Chapter Thirteen Study Objectives
**Note there are multiple parts to some of the objectives
1) What are the three clusters of personality disorders? List the disorders in each
There are three clusters of personality disorders. First, the odd cluster includes paranoid,
schizoid, and schizotypal personality disorders are marked by odd or eccentric behavior.
Second, the dramatic cluster includes antisocial, borderline, histrionic, and narcissistic
personality disorders are marked by dramatic behaviors. Third, the anxious cluster includes
the avoidant, dependent, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders are marked by a
high degree of anxiety.
2) Describe paranoid personality disorder. (425)
Paranoid personality disorder causes people to deeply distrust others and make them
suspicious of their motives. People with this disorder believe that everyone intends to hurt
them, and so they reject close relationships. Their trust in their own ideas and abilities can
be excessive. These people are typically cold and distant and are critical of weakness and
fault in others. Furthermore, they fail to recognize their own mistakes and are extremely
sensitive to criticism.
5) Describe schizoid personality disorder. (427)
People with schizoid personality disorder continuously avoid and are removed from social
relationships and show little emotions. They do not have close ties with others, but the
avoid social situations because they actually prefer to be alone they do not have paranoid
feelings of distrust. They often take little interest in sexual relationships and are apathetic
toward their friendships and family lives. Furthermore, they look for jobs that require little
human interaction and focus on themselves. They are generally unaffected by praise or
criticism and do not require acceptance or praise from others.
8) Describe schizotypal personality disorder. (428)
Those with schizotypal personality disorder display a range of interpersonal problems
marked by extreme discomfort in close relationships, odd patterns of thinking and
perceiving, and behavioral eccentricities. They are often anxious around others and seek
isolation and sometimes feel lonely. This disorder is more severe than paranoid or schizoid
personality disorders. Many people suffering from this disorder may be noticeably
disturbed with symptoms including ideas of reference and bodily illusions. They often have
low attention spans and converse in vague terms drawing loose associations between ideas.
11) Describe antisocial personality disorder. (431)
People with antisocial personality disorder persistently disregard and violate others’
rights. This is the disorder most closely linked to adult criminal behavior besides
substance-use disorder. DSM specifies that a person must be at least 18 years old to
receive this diagnosis; however, most people with antisocial personality disorder
displayed some patterns of misbehavior before they were 15, including truancy, running
away, cruelty to animals or people, and destroying property.
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