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Chapter 1-2

COMM 493L Chapter 1-2: M.OPray-Ch1-2


Department
Communication
Course Code
COMM 493L
Professor
Anderson Kevin
Chapter
1-2

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Avant-Garde Film by Michael O’Pray
Chapters 1-2 Notes
9/15/2016
 Whydoestheterm‘avantgarde’surviveasaviableterminrelationtofilmandnotto
othervisualarts?
 Rapidlybecamethemainstreamandwherenoveltyandnewformsnowseema
necessarypartofitsinstitutionalframework
 Thiskindoffilmmakinghasremainedforcenturies
 Howavantgardeisdifferentfrommainstreamfilmmakers…
 Nobudget
 Intenselypersonal
 Usingquitedifferentdistributionandexhibitioncircuits
 Raisesthecontroversialquestionofvalue
 Sentimental,melodramaticandbanal
 Avantgardehistory
 OriginallyusedtodescribeFrenchpaintingoftheearlydecadesofthenineteenth
century(Nochlin1967)
 Representedanaestheticallyandpoliticallymotivatedattackontraditionalartand
itsvalues
 Borrowedfromsocialistpoliticsinthesameperiod
 Militarytermdenotinganadvancedgroupforginganassaultontheenemyahead
ofthemainarmy
 Sowhorepresentstheenemyandwhorepresentsthearmyintheeyesof
film?
 Themainarmy=the‘true’ideaofcinemaandfilmitself
 Theenemy=thedominanttraditionalcinema
 Thetermavantgardeandmodernismwastreatedassynonymous
 BUT….
 Avantgardewasseenasdenotingaspecificmomentinhistory
 Modernismwasseenasmorelikeaperiodstyle
 Somepeoplearguewhetheravantgardeisaphaseoragenreofart
 Alsousedtobeknownas“underground”(remarkedbySheldonRenan
[1967]andParkerTyler[1974])
 Theterm“underground”hasbeenseenasassociatedwithasocial,
sexual,andsubcultureoperating“beneath”thetraditional
mainstream
 Understoodasareactiontorealism
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