Chapter 1: Introduction to Psychology

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Department
Psychology & Brain Sciences
Course
PSYCH 100
Professor
tamararahhal
Semester
Spring

Description
Chapter One: Introduction to Psychology Module One: Psychologists at Work • psychology → the scientific study of behavior and mental processes • behavioral neuroscience → subfield of psychology that mainly examines how the brain and the nervous system determine behavior • experimental psychology → branch of psychology that studies the processes of sensing, perceiving, learning, and thinking about the world • cognitive psychology → focuses on higher mental processes including thinking, memory, reasoning, problem solving, judging, decision making, and language • developmental psychology → studies how people grow and change from the moment of conception through depth • personality psychology → focuses on the consistency in people’s behavior over time and the traits that differentiate one person from another • health psychology → explores the relationship between psychological factors and physical ailments or disease • clinical psychology → deals with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of psychological disorders • counseling psychology → focuses primarily on educational, social, and career adjustment problems • social psychology → study of how people’s thoughts, feelings, and actions are affected by others • cross­cultural psychology → investigates the similarities and differences in psychological functioning in and across various cultures and ethnic groups • evolutionary psychology → considers how behavior is influenced by our genetic inheritance from our ancestors • behavior genetics → seeks to understand how we might inherit certain behavioral traits and how the environment influences whether we actually display such traits • clinical neuropsychology → unites the areas of neuroscience and clinical psychology → it focuses on the origin of psychological disorders in biological factors • psychiatrist → have a medical degree and specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders, often using treatments that involve the prescription of drugs Module Two: A Science Evolves: The Past, The Present, and the Future • trephining → a procedure used by ancient healers to heal people of evil spirits and psychological
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