Chapter 12: Development

4 Pages
28 Views

Department
Psychology & Brain Sciences
Course Code
PSYCH 100
Professor
tamararahhal

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Description
Chapter 12: Development Module Thirty-Five: Nature and Nurture: The Enduring Developmental Issue • developmental psychology → branch of psychology that studies the patterns of growth and change that occur throughout life • nature­nurture issue → issue of the degree to which environment and heredity influence behavior • identical twins → twins who are genetically identical • cross­sectional research → research method that compares people of different ages at the same point in time •longitudinal research → research method that investigates behavior as participants age → long term • sequential research → research method that combines cross­sectional and longitudinal research by considering a number of different age groups and examining them at several points in time Module Thirty-Six: Prenatal Development: Conception to Birth • chromosomes → rod­shaped structures that contain all basic heredity information • genes → parts of the chromosomes through which genetic information is transmitted • zygote → new cell formed by the union of an egg and sperm • embryo → developed zygote that has a heart, a brain, and other organs • fetus → developing individual from eight weeks after conception until birth • age of viability → point at which a fetus can survive if born prematurely • teratogens → environmental agents such as a drug, chemical, virus, or other factor that produce a birth defect Module Thirty-Seven: Infancy and Childhood • neonate → a newborn child • reflexes → unlearned, involuntary responses that occur automatically in the presence of certain stimuli • habituation → decrease in the response to a stimulus that occurs after repeated presentations of the same stimulus • attachment → positive emotional bond that develops between a child and a particular individual • authoritarian parents → parents who are rigid and punitive and value unquestioning obedience from their children • permissive parents → parents who give their children relaxed or inconsistent direction and, although they are warm, require little of them • authoritative parents → parents who are firm, set clear limits, reason with their children, and explain things to them • uninvolved parents → parents who show little interest in their children and are emotionally detached • psychosocial development → development of individuals’ interactions and understanding of each other and of their knowledge and understanding of themselves as members of society • trust­versus­mistrust stage → (Erikson) first stage of psychosocial development, occurring from birth to age 1 ½ years, during which time infants develop feelings of trust or lack of trust • autonomy­versus­shame­and­doubt stage → (Erikson) toddlers (ages 1 ½ to 3 years) develop independence
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit