Educational Psychology, Lecture on September 19 th
Chapter Two: Understanding Diversity in the Classroom
Stereotype, a rigid, overly simplistic, and inevitably inaccurate
representation of any particular group of individuals.
Cultural, Ethnic, and Racial diversity,
Culture is a term that describes the knowledge, attitude, values, and
behaviors that characterize a group of people.
Ethnicity refers to a person’s common place of origin.
Race refers to the category of people who share biologically transmitted
traits such as skin color or hair texture.
o There are no biologically pure races.
o Now seen in six categories, American Indian or Alaska Native;
Asian; black or African-American; Native Hawaiian or other
Pacific Islander; white, and other.
Culture shock, a term used to describe the anxiety and confusion felt when
people have to operate within an entirely different culture or social
The number of native languages in the U.S school district ranges from 1-
119 with the average of 8 being represented.
Dialects, a special form of a language with distinctive pronunciations and
o Considered part of a groups identity.
Time orientation, us Americans are very time oriented and strict when it comes to
turning in work, being in class for a certain time, etc., while in other cultures this
could be upsetting.
Approaches to teaching in the culturally diverse classroom,
Cultural deficit model, a model used to explain the achievement gap as the
result of a home culture that fails to prepare students to succeed
academically as compared to the mainstream culture.
Achievement gap, a term used to describe the difference in academic
achievement between African-American or Latino students and white,
Self-fulfilling prophecy, the process by which people’s expectations about a
person lead them to elicit behavior that confirms the expectations.
Multicultural education, approach that is a “wide variety of programs and
practices related to educational equity, women, ethnic groups. Language
minorities, low income groups and people with disabilities. The ultimate
goal of this approach is to help students develop the knowledge, attitudes
and skills needed to function within their culture, other culture, and the
global community. Culturally relevant pedagogy,
o learners must experience academic success.
o Learners must maintain their cultural competence.
o Learners must develop a broad sociopolitical consciousness to be
able to critique the social norms, values, and institutions that
produce and maintain social inequities.
Culturally responsive teaching,
o “using cultural knowledge”, prior experiences, frames of reference
and performance styles of ethnically diverse students to make
learning encounters more relevant to and effective for students.
Language minority, minority group whose primary language is different
than that of the majority group.
English Language Learner Programs (ELLs), immerse children into
strictly English speaking classes gradually.
Bilingual education, instructional programs where students are provided
instruction in their first language as well as in the language of the majority.
Socioeconomic status (