Chapter Eight: Continued
Infants rely on the positions of their own bodies in space to locate objects. They
seek to have some way of representing how far apart objects are from each other,
or how far apart an object is from a boundary in terms of metric length.
geometric cues, such as the shape of a room, can also help young children
to orient themselves in space.
overall, babies have several ways to locate objects in space, referencing
their own bodies, using landmarks, and employing distance and geometric
cues. These skills improve when the infant begins to crawl and move about
Allows the individual to focused on a selected aspect of the environment t, often
in preparation for learning or problem solving.
first step in cognitive processing and is viewed as a critical phase
As the child ages, their attention span increases. This is because of the
maturation of the central nervous system, also increasing complexity of the
Children increasingly deploy their attention effectively, such as when they are
comparing two stimuli.
brain scans show that areas of the prefrontal cortex that are involved in
arousal and attention show rapid improvements in organization and
efficiency between four and seven months of age.
ADHD - pattern of impulsively, high levels of motor activity, and attention
poor school achievement.
behavior management problems. poor peer relationships.