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Chapter

Module 22: Forgetting: When Memory Fails

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Department
Psychology & Brain Sciences
Course Code
PSYCH 100
Professor
tamararahhal

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Module Twenty-Two:
Forgetting: When Memory Fails
•decay→lossofinformationinmemorythroughitsnonuse
•interference→phenomenonbywhichinformationinmemorydisruptstherecallofother
information
•cuedependentforgetting→forgettingthatoccurswhenthereareinsufficientretrievalcues
torekindleinformationthatisinmemory
•proactiveinterference→interferenceinwhichinformationlearnedearlierdisruptstherecall
ofnewermaterial
•retroactiveinterference→interferenceinwhichthereisdifficultyintherecallofinformation
learnedearlierbecauseoflaterexposuretodifferentmaterial
•Alzheimer’sDisease→illnesscharacterizedinpartbyseverememoryproblems
•amnesia→memorylossthatoccurswithoutothermentaldifficulties
•retrogradeamnesia→amnesiainwhichmemoryislostforoccurrencespriortoacertain
event
•anterogradeamnesia→amnesiainwhichmemoryislostforeventsthatfollowaninjury
•Korsakoff’ssyndrome→diseasethatafflictslongtermalcoholics,leavingsomeabilities
intactbutincludinghallucinationsandatendencytorepeatthesamestory

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Description
Module Twenty-Two: Forgetting: When Memory Fails • decay → loss of information in memory through its nonuse • interference → phenomenon by which information in memory disrupts the recall of other information • cue­dependent forgetting → forgetting that occurs when there are insufficient retrieval cues to rekindle information that is in memory • proactive interference → interference in which information learned earlier disrupts the recall of newer material • retroactive interference → interference in which there is difficulty in the recall of information lear
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