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Chapter

Reagent List


Department
Chemistry
Course Code
CHEM-2217
Professor
All

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**Reagents**
HCl
- HALOGENATION
- react with alkenes/alkanes
- add to both sides of double bond
- anti
- Strong acid
HBr
- HALOGENATION
- react with alkenes/alkanes
- add to both sides of double bond
- anti
- Strong acid
HCl (Excess)
- HALOGENATION
- react with alkenes/alkanes
- add to both sides of double bond
- anti
- Strong acid
HBr (Excess)
- HALOGENATION
- react with alkenes/alkanes
- add to both sides of double bond
- anti
- Strong acid
NaNH2
- WEAK REDUCER
- react with alkyne
- triple bonds double bonds
- “trans”
- dissociates to Na+ and NH2-
- ORGANOMETALLICS
- “Sodium Acetylides”
- ???? pg 235
- FORMATION OF IMINES FROM ADDITION OF AMMONIA AND AMINES
-pg 237
- Strong Base

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Cl2, CH2Cl2
- HALOGENATION
- carbocation rearrangement
- reacts with alkenes
- alkylhalides produced
Br2, CH2Cl2
- HALOGENATION
- carbocation rearrangement
- reacts with alkenes
- alkylhalides produced
Br2 (Excess), CH2Cl2
- HALOGENATION
- carbocation rearrangement
- reacts with alkenes
- alkylhalides produced
Cl2 (Excess), CH2Cl2
- HALOGENATION
- carbocation rearrangement
- reacts with alkenes
- alkylhalides produced
H2, Pd/C
- react with alkenes and alkynes along with addition of amines to ketones or
aldehydes
- “syn”
- Reduction of the NO2 Group
H2, Pt
- react with alkenes and alkynes
- “syn”
- Reduction of the NO2 Group

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H2, Ni
- REDUCTION RXN
- react with alkenes and alkynes
- “syn”
- reduction of the NO2 Group
- reduction of aldehydes and ketones from a imine 2* (secondary) amine
- catalytic reduction
- can reduce an alkene when in the presence of an carboxylic acid
- pg 252
H2 (Excess), Pt
- react with alkenes and alkynes
- syn”
H20, H2SO4
- HYDRATION OF ALKYNES?ALKENES
- carbocation rearrangement
- alkene results in alcohols
- alkynes result in ketones
1) BH3 / 2) H2O2, H20, OH-
- ANTI-MARK/HYDROBORATION
- reacts with alkenes
- adds an alcohol to least stable carbon
- syn”
H2 (Excess), Pd/C
- react with alkenes and alkynes
- syn”
H2O, H2SO4, HgSO4
- HYDRATION OF ALKYNES?ALKENES
- carbocation rearrangement
- alkene results in alcohols
- alkynes result in ketones
H2 (Excess), Ni
- react with alkenes and alkynes
- “syn
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