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Chapter 2

ANTH 3101 Chapter 2: Article - Glen


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 3101
Professor
April Bass
Chapter
2

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Settler Colonialism as Structure [Glen]
ANTH 3101, Spring 2019
Introduction
Necessity of a settler colonialism framework for historically grounded and inclusive analysis of US
race and gender formation
Avoid lumping all racisms together
Avoid seeing racisms affecting various groups as completely separate and unrelated
Intersectional perspective, recognizes gender, sexuality, and race as co-constituted by settler
colonial projects
Beyond the Black-White Binary?
American sociologists developed ethnicity to refer to relations marked by cultural and language
difference and race marked by supposed somatically visible difference
Study of ethnic relations focuses on intraracial relations
Study of race focused on interracial group relations and inequality between and among groups
marked as white and black
Race scholars shifting attention to racism affecting other groups: Latinos, Asians, and Native
Americans
Approaches
Cluster them into "non-Whites" "people of color," etc.
Focus on common process by which groups are formed and reformed as racial groups
Retain white-black poles as anchors of hierarchical US racial system but to expand it to
include other racialized groups (fluidity and hybridity of racial identities; self-identification
changes over time)
An Alternative Starting Point
Colonial projects structure race, gender, class, and sexual relations within and between colonists
and the colonized
Settler colonialism as on ongoing structure
Objective to acquire land so colonists can settle permanently and form new communities
(eliminate indigenous occupants of land and then secure land for settlers)
The Logic and Practices of US Settler Colonialism
British in North America different from Spain and French
Spanish male colonists spread thinly
French traders and missionaries coexisted with indigenous people
European women migrated with men and children
Elimination of indigene
Ethnic cleansing, warfare, genocidal campaigns, enslavement of survivors (women and
children); sex slaves
Indian Removal Act of 1830 and Trail of Tears
Assimilation Policy/Americanization
Special education for Indian children, preparing them for new productive roles in American
society
Haircuts, settler clothing, prohibited from native language and practices
1940s-1960s
Assimilate Indians as individuals into settler society and break communal orientation and
tribe ties
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