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Chapter 0

CHEM 341 Chapter 0: Pre-Chapter 1
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3 Pages
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Department
Chemistry
Course Code
CHEM 341
Professor
Luzzio Frederick

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Pre-Chapter 1 What is organic chemistry?  Organic chemistry is the chemistry of compounds that contain the element carbon. o Organic compounds: compounds in living things  Organic chemicals affect virtually every facet of our lives, and for this reason, it is important and useful to know something about them  Naturally occurring: compounds that can be isolated directly from natural source  Synthetic: they are produced by chemists in the laboratory o Inorganic compounds: compounds in nonliving things  Some representative organic molecules (three simple organic compounds): o Methane: the simplest of all organic compounds, contain one carbon atom, and is a hydrocarbon (contains only carbon and hydrogen)  Combustible in the presence of oxygen  Product of the anaerobic decomposition of organic matter by bacteria o Ethanol: the alcohol present in beer, wine, and other alcoholic beverages, is formed by fermentation of sugar  Possibly the oldest example of organic synthesis  The ethanol produced in the lab is identical to the ethanol produced by fermentation o Trichlorofluoromethane: a member of a class of molecules called chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), which contain one or two carbon atoms and several halogens.  An unusual organic molecule that contains no hydrogen atoms  Has low molecular weight and is easily vaporized  Three complex organic molecules important for medications: o Amoxicillin: one of the mostly widely used a
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