C C 306M Chapter 8 Notes.docx

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University of Texas at Austin
Classical civilization
C C 306M
Todd Curtis

Chapter 8 Nervous System Notes Cerebr/o Cerebrum (largest part of the brain) Cerebell/o Cerebellum (little brain) Crani/o Skull Encephal/o Entire brain Estehsi/o Sensation Gangli/o Ganglion (knot) Gli/o Glue Gnos/o Knowing Kinesi/o Movement Lex/o Word or phrase Mening/o, meningi/o Meninges (membrane) Myel/o Spinal cord or bone marrow Narc/o Stupor or sleep Neur/o Nerve Phas/o Speech Phob/o Exaggerated fear or sensitivity Phor/o Carry or bear Phren/o, psych/o, thym/o Mind Schiz/o Split Somat/o Body Somn/o, somn/i, hypn/o Sleep Spin/o Spine (thorn) Spondyl/o, vertebr/o Vertebra Stere/o 3D or solid Tax/o Order or coordination Thalam/o Thalamus (a room) Ton/o Tone or tension Top/o Place Ventricul/o Ventricle (belly or pouch) Chapter 8 Nervous System Notes Cata- Down -asthenia Weakness -lepsy Seizure -mania Condition of abnormal impulse toward -paresis Slight paralysis -plegia Paralysis Convolutions (mounds) of the cerebral Gyri hemispheres Sulci Shallow grooves that separate gyri Fissures Deep grooves in the brain Syncope Fainting Craniectomy Excision of part of the skull to approach the brain Craniotomy Incision into the skull to approach the brain Discectomy (discectomy) Removal of a herniated disk Spondylosyndesis Spinal fusion Affect Emotional feeling or mood Apathy A lack of interest or display of emotion A state of unresponsiveness to one’s outside Catatonia environment Dysphoria A restless, dissatisfied mood Euphoria An exaggerated, unfounded feeling of well- being Milder affective disorder characterized by Dysthymia chronic depression Chapter 8 Nervous System Notes Encephal/o – entire brain  Chamber or inner room in an ancient  Parencephalia = congenital defect of Greek house the brain Corpus, corpor – corpus callosum  Anencephalus = congenital absence of Pons, pont – bridge the brain  Pons and the Pontifex maximus (high  Encephalomere = part of the brain priest of Ancient Rome)  Prosencephalon = anterior of the brain Mening/o – membrane Ancient Greek Brainmapping:  Pachymeninges = thick membrane  Galen – 129-210 AD  Nemesius of Emesa – 390 AD, On the  Leptomeninges = thin membrane  Meningomalacia = softening of Nature of Man membrane o Frontal cavities – sensation and  Meningencephalomyelitis = imagination inflammation of the meninges, brain o Central cavity – intellectual thought and spinal cord Cerebrum – cerebrum o Posterior cavity – memory  Intercerebral = in between cerebrum  Dextrocerebral = right cerebrum Hippocampus (hippo = horse; campus = monster)  Procerebral = anterior cerebrum Homo – same Cerebellum – cerebellum  Cerebellitis = inflammation of the Homo, hominis – human being cerebellum White matter = glial cells, myelinated axons  Cerebellar peduncle = cerebellum stalk Grey matter = neurons [soma, axon, d
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