C C 306M Chapter 9 Notes.docx

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Classical civilization
C C 306M
Todd Curtis

Chapter 9 Endocrine System Notes Aden/o Gland Adren/o, adrenal/o Adrenal gland Andr/o Male Crin/o To secrete Dips/o Thirst Gluc/o, glucos/o, glyc/o Glucose (sugar) Hormon/o Hormone (an urging on) Ket/o, keton/o Ketone bodies Pancreat/o Pancreas Thym/o Thymus gland Thyr/o, thyroid/o Thyroid gland (shield) Insulin Island Protrusion of one or both eyeballs b/c of Exophthalmos thyroid dysfunction Glucosuria Glucose in the urine Hirsutism Shaggy; an excessive growth of hair Kalium Potassium Keto Alter Polydipsia Excessive thirst Virilis Masculine Diabetes Passing through Mellitus Sugar Goiter Throat Myx Mucus Chapter 9 Endocrine System Notes Hippocratic Concept of Glands: Gyn/o or gynec/o – female  Hippocratic text, On Glands  Gynecogenic = producing female  Terms: characteristics o Gr. Aden = aden/o  Gynoecium = female reproductive o Boubon – bubon/o, bubo organs of a flower  Character: spongy; oily and not like fleshy parts Hormones:  Function: regulates bodily moisture; -tropin – stimulus, change [ex: thyrotropin] removes surplus fluid -liberin – release [ex: thyroliberin]  Pathologies: excess flow – “when they -statin – inhibit, slow down [ex: thyrostatin] suffer they make the rest of the body -tocin – labor [ex: oxytocin] suffer” -lactin – milk [ex: prolactin] -gestin – carry, producing [ex: progestin] Exocrine vs. Endocrine:
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