Chapter 2: first declension nouns and adjectives; prepositions, conjunction, interjections. Every noun has an ending on it, a reflective ending. Shows what part of the sentence it is. There are 5 major cases in latin: nominative- subject (the girl, genitive- possession (of the girl/ girl s, dative- indirect object (to the girl, accusative- direct object (receives the action of the verb, ablative- object of a preposition. The girl gives the money to the sailor. Adjectives agree with the nouns they modify with gender, number, and case. Portis magnis a ae ae am a (line over it) ae arum.