Textbook Notes (270,000)
US (100,000)
UT (100)
PSY (10)
PSY-200 (10)
Chapter 1

PSY-200 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Moral Treatment, Medicine Man, Humanistic Psychology


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY-200
Professor
Patti Barrows
Chapter
1

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 8 pages of the document.
Chapter Notes:
Psychology is the science of understanding individuals
Psyche comes from the Greek for mind
Both a clinical practice and a science
Clinical: services provided in therapists’ offices, schools, hospitals,
and businesses
Memory can refer to a specific recalled event or the process by which
we recall such information
More than 25 distinct fields
Cognitive: how we perceive, how we learn and remember, solve
problems, acquire and learn language,
Developmental: how thought and behavior change and show stability
across the life span, human change and grow
Behavioral neuro: links among the brain, mind, and behaviors, can
study brain functions involved in learning, emotion, social behavior,
mental illness, etc.
Biological: connections between bodily systems and chemicals and
their relationship to behavior and thought (effects of stress on
hormones)
Personality: what makes people unique, whether or not personal
traits and dispositions change or stay the same through life span (ex:
whether the tendency to be friendly, anxious, or hostile affects hones
health, career choice, interpersonal relationships, etc.)
Social: considers how the real or imagined presence of other
influences thought, feeling, and behavior (how does the presence of
other people change an individual’s thoughts, feelings or perceptions)
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Clinical: diagnosis and treatment of mental, emotional and behavioral
disorders, some conduct research and teach, practice as well as
science, single largest subdiscipline in psychology
Counseling psych: tends to work with less severe psychological
disorders treat and assess relatively healthy people
Psychologists who provide therapy: clinical, social workers, marriage
and family therapists, psychiatrists
Health: psychological factors in physical health and illness
Educational: studies how students learn, effectiveness of particular
teaching techniques, dynamics of school populations, psychology of
teaching
School psychology related to educational generally practiced by
counselors in school settings
Industrial/organizational: understanding real world rather than
laboratory behavior (applied science)
o Industrial: matches employees to jobs and uses psychological
principles and methods to select employees and evaluate job
performance (personnel psychology)
o Organizational: make workers more productive and satisfied by
considering how work environments and management styles
influence worker motivation, satisfaction and productivity
o I/O one of the fastest growing subdisciplines
Sports: examines psychological factors that affect performance and
participation in sports and exercise (focus on improving athletic
performance through techniques such as relaxation and visualization
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Forensic: make legal evaluations of a persons mental competency to
stand trial, state of mind of defendant at the time of a crime, fitness of
a parent to have custody of children, and allegations of child abuse
Psychoanalysis: dreams have meaning, experiences during
childhood are powerful force in development
o People use psychological defenses to protect themselves
against threatening impulses, thoughts, feelings, and fantasies
o Unconscious blocking, or repression, of disturbing thoughts and
impulses is at the heart of all maladaptive adult behavior
mid 20th century top three modern developments in clinical were
psychotherapy, drug therapy and modern criteria for diagnosing
mental disorders
psychologists use the diagnostic and statistical manual when
diagnosing psychological disorders
philosophical question for psychology: nature of knowledge and how
humans create knowledge
starting point of empiricism is that we know and experience the world
through our five senses
if mind consists of only what we sense then understanding the
senses will lead to a direct understanding of the mind
perception of physical properties is not the same as physical
properties themselves
psychophysics is all about relationship between the physical and
psychological worlds
Ernst weber laid the groundwork for psychophysics
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version