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Chapter 11

PSY-200 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11: Life Satisfaction, Display Rules, Facial Feedback Hypothesis

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Patti Barrows

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1. Emotions: brief, acute changes in conscious experience and
physiology that occur in response to a personally meaningful situation
2. Moods: affective states that operate in the background of
consciousness and tend to last longer than most emotions
3. Affective traits: stable predispositions toward certain types of
emotional responses
4. Basic emotions: a set of emotions that are common to all humans;
they include anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise
5. Broaden-and-build model: Frederickson’s model for positive
emotions, which posits that they widen our cognitive perspective and
help us acquire useful life skills
6. Self-conscious emotions: types of emotions that require a sense of
self and the ability to reflect on actions; they occur as a function of
meeting expectations (or not) by society’s rules
7. Appraisal: the evaluation of a situation with respect to how relevant it
is to one’s own welfare; it drives the process by which emotions are
8. Emotion regulation: the cognitive and behavioral efforts people make
to modify their emotions
9. Reappraisal: an emotion regulation strategy in which one reevaluates
an event so that a different emotion results
10. Expressive suppression: a response-focused strategy for
regulating emotion that involves a deliberate attempt to inhibit the
outward manifestation of an emotion
11. Emotional response: the physiological, behavioral/expressive,
and subjective changes that occur when emotions are generated
12. Universal: common to all human beings and seen in cultures all
over the world
13. Facial action coding system (FACS): a widely used method for
measuring all the observable muscular movements that are possible
in the human face
14. Duchenne smile: a smile that expresses true enjoyment,
involving both the muscles that pull up the lip corners diagonally and
those that contract the band of muscles encircling the eye
15. Subjective experience of emotion: the changes in the quality of
conscious experiences that occur during emotional responses
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