ANTH 130 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Hominidae, Enculturation, Mixed Language

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5 Feb 2017
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Sunday, February 5, 2017
Kottak Ch 2
-Enculturation- process by which a child learns his/her culture
-Symbols- signs that have no necessary or natural connection to the things they stand
for or signify
-Culture is learned, taught directly, observation, and absorbed unconsciously
anthropologically defined as features that are sometimes regarded as trivial or
unworthy of serious study
-Core values- key, basic, central values
-Informal support- help from people who care about them
-Formal support- help from associations and institutions
-Maladaptive- may threaten a group’s continued existence
-Hominids- members of the family hominidae
-Hominins- group that leads to humans but not to chimps and gorillas that
encompasses all the human species that ever have existed
-Estrus- female apes ovulating
-Although individuals differ in their emotional and intellectual tendencies and
capacities, all human groups have equivalent capacities for culture
-Universal- found in every culture
-Generalities- common to several but not all human groups
-Particularities- unique to certain cultural traditions
-Cultures are integrated and patterned differently and display tremendous variation
and diversity
-Ideal culture- what people say they should do and what they say they do
-Real culture- actual behavior as observed by anthropologists
-Agency- actions that individuals take, both alone and in groups, in forming cultural
identities
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