HIST 261 Chapter 8: Ch. 8 Book Notes

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6 Dec 2016
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Society built under the influence of mesopotamians. Egyptians, phoenicians, and various others: 9th century bce = greek city states. Knossos: crete, 1600 bce = colonies on cyprus and other islands. Decline of minoan society: 1700 bce = earthquakes, 1100 bce = invasion/fall of crete. Chaos in the eastern mediterranean: trojan war. The world of polis: polis = city state, 8000 bce = poleis are principle centers, sparta/ athens, peloponnesian war (431 404 bce) Sparta: fertile region, helots = servants. Spartan society: everyone was equal, physical training, strong military. Athenian society: 7th c. bce = wide gap between rich and poor. Solon and athenian: athenian aristocrat that formed a compromise between the classes, individual rights, representation for common classes. Pericles: athenian leader (461 429 bce) Greek colonization: 800 bce = center of political organization were poleis, sicily/naples, 600 bce = massalia. Socrates: 470 399 bce, 399 bce = drank poison and killed himself, views were under much scrutiny.

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