Earth island journal, winter 2008. (5 pages: according to orr, architecture and landscape design are not neutral in our psyche. They are either going to be positive or negative. And the end result is that we are going to be instructed that we are a part of, or apart from, the natural world. It"s instructive in how we relate to the world. It teaches us something: when referring to our future, orr states that there is a false dichotomy between optimism and pessimism. Optimism is a prediction that you"re going to win; the odds are in your favor. Given the truth, we can ask people to be genuinely heroic and rise to the occasion in a way that humans never have before. Runs counter to the view that we can just appeal to self-interest, and the profit motive, and corporations will lead us to the promised land. Gratitude is important in this larger heroic effort.