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Chapter 7-12

MANGEMNT 301 Chapter 7-12: Chapter 7-12 Q

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Rob Boostrom

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Chapter 7
2) What are some early theories of motivation? How applicable are they
Hierarchy of Needs Theory- you move up the pyramid as you successfully complete
a lower need. Theory X and Theory Y- either employees dislike lots of things, or
employees like lots of things. Two Factor Theory- relates intrinsic factors to job
satisfaction and associates extrinsic factors with dissatisfaction. McClelland’s
Theory of Needs- states achievement, power, and affiliation are three important
needs that help explain motivation. McClelland’s Theory had the best research
support, but I believe that the Hierarchy of Needs Theory is used most.
4) What are the implications of employee job engagement for management?
Degree to which an employee believes it is meaningful to engage in work, match
between the individual’s values and those of the organization, and leadership
behaviors that inspire workers to a greater sense of mission.
6) How is organizational justice a refinement of equity theory?
Organizational justice is a refinement of equity theory because it is an overall
perception of what is fair in the workplace, and equity theory is the outputs from
what inputs were put into it. Some people may think they are getting over paid, or
under paid (organizational justice), because of how much, or little, they are putting
into their work (equity theory).
8) What are some contemporary theories of motivation, and how do they
compare to one another?
Four theories of motivation are individual effort, individual performance,
organizational rewards, and personal goals. They compare to one another because
there is steps that can be taken to associate all of the theories together. Steps or
actions that push these theories together consist of opportunity, ability,
reinforcement, dominant needs, goals direct behavior, high nAch, job design and
equity comparison.
Chapter 8
2) What are the three major ways that jobs can be redesigned? In your view, in
what situations would one of the methods be favored over the others?
Job rotation, Job enrichment, and job enlargement. I believe that job rotation would
be the best method because it gets the employees up and moving to do other tasks.
4) What are employee involvement programs? How might they increase
employee motivation?
Employee involvement programs are a participative process that uses employees’
input to increase their commitment to the organization’s success. The logic is that if
employees are engaged in decisions that affect them and increase their autonomy
and control over their work lives, they will become more motivated, more
committed to the organization, more productive and more satisfied with their jobs.
6) How can flexible benefits motivate employees?
Flexible benefits can accommodate differences in employee needs based on age,
martial status, and number of dependents. They allow each employee to choose the
compensation package that best satisfies their needs. If they can get specialized
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