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Textbook Notes for Johnson Carl

VANDERBILTBSCI 1511Johnson CarlSpring

BSCI 1511 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Philadelphia Chromosome, Cri Du Chat, Genomic Imprinting

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Mendelian genes have specific loci (positions) along chromosomes. Separation of homologs during anaphase i accounts for segregation of two alleles of a
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VANDERBILTBSCI 1511Johnson CarlSpring

BSCI 1511 Chapter Notes - Chapter 40: Vasoconstriction, Heterotroph, Torpor

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Folding up cells so they all have contact with interstitial fluid and circulatory fluid can take in all the waste to be removed. Organization: cells ti
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VANDERBILTBSCI 1511Johnson CarlSpring

BSCI 1511 Chapter Notes - Chapter 46: Blastocyst, Trophoblast, Menstruation

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Sexual reproduction: egg (haploid gamete, large, non-motile) fuses with sperm (haploid gamete, small, motile) to form a diploid zygote. Asexual reprodu
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VANDERBILTBSCI 1511Johnson CarlSpring

BSCI 1511 Chapter Notes - Chapter 39: Vernalization, Circadian Rhythm, Cryptochrome

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Photomorphogenesis, plant growth and development, red and blue are most important: blue-light photoreceptors: Blue light induces opening of stomata (ph
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VANDERBILTBSCI 1511Johnson CarlSpring

BSCI 1511 Chapter Notes - Chapter 35: Stoma, Thigmotropism, Auxin

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Morphogenesis: process that gives tissues shape and determines positions of cell types. Cell differentiation: process by which cells become different f
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VANDERBILTBSCI 1511Johnson CarlSpring

BSCI 1511 Chapter Notes - Chapter 56: Minimum Viable Population, Effective Population Size, Extinction Vortex

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Conservation biology: integrates ecology, physiology, molecular biology, genetics, and evolutionary biology to conserve biological diversity at all lev
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VANDERBILTBSCI 1511Johnson CarlSpring

BSCI 1511 Chapter Notes - Chapter 25: Exaptation, Gene Duplication, Plate Tectonics

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Macroevolution: broad pattern of evolution above the species level. Based on strata in accumulated sedimentary rock, insects preserved in amber, and ma
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VANDERBILTBSCI 1511Johnson CarlSpring

BSCI 1511 Chapter Notes - Chapter 26: Polyphyly, Monophyly, Gene Duplication

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Phylogeny: evolutionary history of a species or group of species. Systematics: focused on classifying organisms and determining their evolutionary rela
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VANDERBILTBSCI 1511Johnson CarlSpring

BSCI 1511 Chapter Notes - Chapter 22: Selective Breeding, Carl Linnaeus

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Can be viewed as a pattern facts and observations about the natural world or as a process mechanisms that produce the observed pattern of change. Scala
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VANDERBILTBSCI 1511Johnson CarlSpring

BSCI 1511 Chapter Notes - Chapter 14: Achondroplasia, Albinism, Dwarfism

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Character: a heritable feature that varies among individuals (flower color) Trait: each variant for a character (purple or white for color) Advantages
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VANDERBILTBSCI 1511Johnson CarlSpring

BSCI 1511 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Cytokinesis, Kinetochore, Genetic Variation

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Asexual reproduction: produce genetic copies of themselves, one individual is the sole parent of the clones, mutations are the only way differences ari
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VANDERBILTBSCI 1511Johnson CarlSpring

BSCI 1511 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11: Adrenal Gland, Dephosphorylation, Apoptosis

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Each sex of yeast releases a chemical that is only recepted by the opposite type. Once this has attached, they release another chemical that causes the
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