Stereotypes = a special type of social knowledge structure or social belief. They represent socially shared beliefs about characteristics and behaviors of a particular social group. Ex: older adults talk on and on about their past. Older adults have a more positive view of aging than younger adults do due to more life experiences. Outcomes of believing in negative stereotypes towards aging. Lengthens the time it takes to recover from illness. Age-based double standard = is operating when an individual attributes an older person"s failure in memory as more serious than a memory failure observed in a young adult. Younger adults will describe memory failure in older adults as a much serious issue than in younger adults. Older adults describe memory failure in older adults and younger adults equally. incompetency. The age-based double standard is viewed across all aspects of. Ex: older adults are stereotyped as warm and incompetent due to being seen as noncompetitive and low status.