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Chapter 18

HIST 101 Chapter Notes - Chapter 18: Mahatma GandhiPremium

2 pages62 viewsSpring 2016

Department
HIST - History
Course Code
HIST 101
Professor
Evelyn Gonzalez
Chapter
18

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History Textbook Notes 11
Chapter 18 - Gandhi
Gandhi- Leader of the Anti-Colonial Movement 1915
-Creator of the Movement's Non-Violent Theory Non-Violence (Satyagraha)
1. Develop your own Resources & Inner Strength
2. Control the Instincts & Activities that Encourage Participation in Colonial Economy &
Government
To Non-Violently Achieve Self-Rule (Swaraj): Use Self - Reliance and Self – Control
Chapter 18- Punjab Massacre of 1919
-Massacre of civilians (including women & children) who were protesting British policies in the
Punjab.
379 CIVILIANS KILLED 1,200 WOUNDED
-General who gave the order was not punished
-Unified Indians against the British
-Ghandi called for an all-Indian Satyagraha Began alliance with Muslim leaders
-Began changing Indian National Congress from an elite organization into one open to all
-When Depression hit India, Gandhi challenged the British monopoly on salt which was heavily
taxed by marching 240 miles to the sea and harvesting the salt
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