SPC 255 Chapter Chapter 5: Chapter 5 Hardman 11th ed. Study Questions

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24 Apr 2017
Amy Louie
Chapter 5 (pp. 82-97)
Hardman, 11th ed.
Chapter 5
Study Questions with Answers
1. What does the acronym CLD stand for?
Cultural and Linguistic Diversity
2. How is the goal of general education implemented?
A major purpose of general education is to provide education for all students and to help them
achieve academically and socially. This goal is implemented by teaching students according to
chronological age and evaluating their performance on the basis of what society expects
children of a specific age to achieve.
3. Who are the three groups who, despite federal legislation on education, have continued to lag
behind that of the general population of students?
Students who are from CLD backgrounds, are economically disadvantaged, and those identified
with disabilities.
4. What is the metaphor that the authors use to describe the US as a multi-cultural society?
“Tossed salad” rather than a “melting pot”, promotes assimilation or homogenization into the
dominant culture, or the theory of building walls either by a specific culture or by others
outside that culture to maintain distinct identities that separate one culture from the
dominant culture.
5. What are the twin goals that modified cultural pluralism attempts to attain?
(a) Bonding capital that strengthens the cultural characteristics within a group such as a family,
particular religion, or a specific ethnic group
(b) Bridging capital that promotes more formal social ties across cultures to create mutual interests
that strengthen the shared society, be it local, state, or national
6. How does special education accomplish its goal of providing opportunities for each child with a
disability to learn and develop?
Special education focuses on individual learning differences by providing individually designed
instruction and related services to help students benefit from general education curriculum.
7. Where do a disproportionate number of students placed in special education come from?
A disproportionate number of students placed in special education are from specific CLD
backgrounds that are not being successful in the regular classroom.
8. What is the definition of disproportionality?
Disproportionality is the over-or underrepresentation of a specific cultural group represented
within a specified setting when compared to the percentage of their representation in the
general population.
9. What are several factors associated with students at risk for academic failure?
Several factors are associated with students at risk for academic failure, such as diverse cultural
backgrounds, limited background in speaking English, and poverty.
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