PSY 100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Kenneth And Mamie Clark, Margaret Floy Washburn, Mary Whiton Calkins

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25 Jul 2017
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Psychology- the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. 4 basic goals of psychology: describe, predict, explain, control. Interactive dualism- the idea that mind and body were separate entities that interact to produce sensations, emotions, and other conscious experiences. D. in psychology: kenneth bancroft clark- researched the negative effects of discrimination. Francis c. sumner- first african american to receive a ph. Sigmund freud- started school of thought called psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis- emphasized the role of unconscious conflicts in determining behavior and personality: behaviorism- contended psychology should focus its scientific investigations on overt behavior- observable behavior- that could be objectively measured and verified. Ivan pavlov- demonstrated that dogs could learn to associate a neutral stimulus with an automatic behavior. Contemporary psychology: neuroscience- the study of the nervous system, especially the brain. Pseudoscience- a theory, method, or practice that promotes claims in ways that appear to be scientific and plausible even though supporting empirical evidence is lacking or nonexistent.

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