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Chapter 1-4

COM 1040 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1-4: Transact, Polysemy, Social ForcesPremium

4 pages72 viewsSpring 2017

Department
Communication
Course Code
COM 1040
Professor
Martha L.Antolik
Chapter
1-4

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COM 1040 P a t c h e t t | 1
KEY-TERM DEFINITIONS
Chapter 1
Symbols Arbitrary representations of ideas, objects, people, relationships, cultures, genders,
races, and so forth
Sign A consequence or an indicator of something specific, which cannot be changed by
arbitrary actions or labels (e.g. wet streets are a sign of rain)
Meaning What a symbol represents
Social Construction The way in which symbols take on meaning in a social context or society
as they are used over time
Medium Means through which a message is conveyed
Frames Basic forms of knowledge that provide a definition of a scenario, either because both
people agree on the nature of the situation or because the cultural assumptions built into the
interaction and the previous relational context of talk give them a clue
Communication Frame A boundary around a conversation that pulls ones attention toward
certain things and away from others
Representation Describes facts or conveys information (contrast with presentation)
Presentation One persons particular version of, or take on the facts or events (contrast with
representation)
Communication as Action The act of sensing messages whether or not they are received
Communication as Interaction An exchange of information between two (or more) individuals
Communication as Transaction The construction of shared meanings or understandings
between two (or more) individuals
Constitutive Approach to Communication Communication can create or bring into existence
something that has not been there before, such as an agreement, a contract, or an identity
Chapter 2
Historiography the study of the persuasive effect of writing history in particular ways and the
reasons why particular reports and analyses are offered by specific authors
Social Scientific Approach Views the world as objective, casual, and predictable; researchers
using this approach primarily seek to describe communication activity and to discover
connections between phenomena or casual patterns
Interpretivist Approach Views communication as creative, uncertain, and unpredictable, and
thus rejects the idea that a single reality exists or can be discovered; researchers using this
approach primarily seek to understand and describe communication experience
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