Cluster A- Schizoid and
A. Schizoid Personality Disorder
- People diagnosed with schizoid personality disorder show a pervasive pattern of
detachment from social relationships and restricted range of emotional expression
in their interactions with others.
- Seem indifferent to opportunities to develop close relationships and derive little if
any pleasure from family or social interactions.
- Experience and expression of positive emotions is very low and interest in having
sexual experiences is very limited
- Often indifferent to people praise or criticism and take pleasure from few activities.
- Uncommon—only about .8-1.7% will be diagnosed in lifetime
- Males outnumber females
- Can usually function in society, particularly in occupations that do not require
frequent interpersonal interactions.
- Hereditability is maybe ? Evidence is only indirect
B. Treatment of Schizoid Personality Disorder - Not very motivated for treatment and interpersoalness of therapy may be stressful
instead of supportive
- Treatment focuses on increasing the persons awareness of their own feelings ,
increase social skills and social contacts
- Therapist may model the expression of feelings for the client and help them ID and
express their own feelings
- Social skills training done through role playing and homework assignment in which
client tries out new social skill with other people is important component of
- Some recommend group therapy for people with schizoid personality disorder. In
group setting, members can model interpersonal relationships and can practice new
skills directly with less judgement.
C. Schizotypal Personality Disorder
- Show symptoms similar to schizophrenia but in milder form
- Tend to be socially i