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Lecture 9

Lecture 9: Cultural Ownership, Copyright, and Intellectual Property

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Communication Studies
COMM 1101
Chris Russill

Lecture 9: Cultural Ownership, Copyright, and Intellectual Property What does it mean to own culture? What is Culture?  One of the most difficult words in the English language to define because it’s so broad and vast  Essentially the sum of all ideas that define a group or society  The way of life of a people, nation, community, or social group  The shared values of a group of society  What we hold in common with each other o Ideas, images, ways of communicating, understanding the world o Because we hold things in common no one person/group is supposed to own it  Culture is PUBLIC, or shared; it doesn’t belong to any one person or group  Changes in forms of legal protection for production; privately owned by different individuals or groups (corporations)  If you produce culture (e.g. art) you deserve certain rights to what you produce Who Owns Culture?  Public o Fair use o Public sphere o Culture is common  Creator o Protect their work o Earn rewards for creation o Protect their reputation  Competition for who has the right to culture, but was it ever meant to be a competition?  Started to become a competition because of the legal regulation of culture (intellectual property)  How do we create a world were it’s possible to respect the creative output of others and have a wide range of materials to work with in the creation of new kinds of cultural objects?  Who owns the legal rights to certain forms of cultural production, what those rights consist of/what they allow or limit people from doing, and what happens when different kinds of people own those rights Intellectual Property  Nonphysical property that is the product of original thought  Doesn’t literally mean they own the idea itself, but what you do own is the expression of that idea, or the way the idea is fixed in some way (i.e. a song, book, etc.)  Protecting creative expression = protecting that work  Intellectual property includes: copyright, trademarks, and patent  Copyright: “the right to copy” (and distribute, produce, display, perform, create, and control)  People today are very protective of what they own  Art gets
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