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HIST 2902 (5)

Middle Minoan to End of Minoan Civilisation

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HIST 2902
Susan Downie

HISTORY 2902-Ancient Greece Religion in the MM Period - new types of places created as sanctuaries..connected to palaces - sacred caves, natural feature..find evidence of religious practices ∙ pottery for eating and drinking found ∙ bits of bones ∙ votive objects..figurines representing worshipers, sacred symbols, high valued items ∙ Mt. Ida...Kamares Cave, most famous sacred cave ◦ designed to line up with sacred places ◦ 'breast of mother earth'..cave=entrance to mother earth.. ◦ Kamares pottery we have from ancient world from any culture..eggshell ware(2mm thick) coming straight out of the palace of Phaistos ∙ Mt. Juktas..peak sanctuary in Knossos ◦ lots of ash and charcoal found in peak sanctuaries and bits of claymodels of human bodies ◦ built alter and big crevasse ◦ thought to be built by leader of Knossos at the time ◦ who is worshipped? sky god? weather god? healing deities? ◦ Anemospilla..controversial o thought found was first tri-partied shrine o but not only free standing tri-partied shrine..part of bigger building faces north o easternmost room, series of shelves filled with vases filled with agricultural produce o middle room, low platform with an irregular piece of rock intentionally left visible..a pair of clay feet on platform..thought to be a lifesize dietie o western room, low squared stone platform with several human bodies found(3)..had obviously been killed with building collapsed in earthquake...from eruption of Thera Late Minoan/Neopalatial Period (ca. 1650-1400BC) - palaces rebuilt, and new ones as well (Knossos, Mallia, Zakros, Phaistos, etc) - Knosses ∙ covers 5 acres of land, and 1000 rooms, 4 main wings of building..each wing was multiple stories high (can tell how tall the wall is by the size of base) ∙ timber rerinforcing, and ashlar masonry to try and avoid earthquakes destroying again ∙ central court common among most palaces at this time, 2:1 size ∙ throne room..series of rooms that front onto central court ◦ the priest king of Knossos aka Prince of the Lilies..figurine found was probably reconstructed wrong ∙ kings often referred to as 'Priest Kings'..kings who ruled the civilization and its region ∙ Adyton..throne at Knosses is actually sacred..religious aspect of Knosses is important as well as religious leadership ∙ pillar crypts..ritual purpose..a libation (liquid offering) was thought to be made over these crypts as there were holes in floor around them..sacred symbols (double axes) on them ∙ epiphany of a goddess..depicted in drawings by having hair fly on both sides of heads..snake goddesses/mistress of animals ∙ Religious Symbols..horns of consecration (stone pair of horns at Knosses about 6ft tall) and double axes, axe for side is dull and the other sharp but a good symbol for religion because of the aspect of duality and bulls, argued that the double axe was used to immobilize the bull before sacrifice using a rhyta..bull leaping, present in spain ecror tadores ∙
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