POLI 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Liberal Democracy, Tyrant, Oligarchy

37 views2 pages
Published on 17 Feb 2017
Course
Who Rules
Aristotle formulated the ancient typologies of government
These typologies included three ‘lawful’ forms of government and three ‘perverted’ forms
of government
Lawful governments rule for the common good while perverted governments rule in the
private interest of the governors
Rulers
Lawful
Perverted
One person
Monarchy
Tyranny
A few people
Aristocracy
Oligarchy
Many people
Polity
Democracy
The one
Monarchies are lawful regimes because the monarch rules in the interest of the people
The monarch listens to the concerns of his subjects and becomes aware of their needs,
leading the government to work for the people
Tyrannies are perverted because a tyrant rules in his own interest
Laws made by a tyrant are made with the sole purpose of enriching and empowering the
tyrant
The few
Aristocracies are lawful because the group of elites govern in the interests of the
common good
Oligarchies are perverse because they govern in their own interest, passing laws or
pursuing objectives that improve their condition without the consideration of the common
good
The many
A polity is a mixed regime that possesses both democratic and aristocratic elements,
giving both the people and the elites some say
This is the best regime because it gives everyone more stakes in the polls and the least
risk of failing
Democracies are perverse because the common man acts in his own interest, mostly
because the majority is in the lower or middle class and passes laws that gives them
more resources and drains the wealthy without consideration of what is good for society
Rank ordering
According to Aristotle, the regimes can be ordered from best to worst as such
Polity
Aristocracy
Monarchy
Democracy
Oligarchy
Tyranny
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.