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2 Pages

Course Code
BIOL 1500
Scott Brandon

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cognition: groups together the mental processes of perceiving, recognizing, conceiving, judging and reasoning. cognitive paradigm: focuses on how people and animals structure their experiences, how they make sense of them, and how they relate their current experiences to past ones that have been stored in memory. THE BASICS OF COGNITIVE THEORY: cognitive psychologists regard the learner as an active interpreter of a situation, with the learner’s past knowledge imposing a perceptual funnel on the experience. The learner fits new information into an organized network of already accumulated knowledge often referred to as a schema, or cognitive set. Cognitive explanations appear more and more in the search for the causes of abnormality and for new methods of intervention. Places the blame on a particular cognitive set. COGNITIVE BEHAVIOUR THERAPY: cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT): a blend of the cognitive and learning paradigms.  Pay attention to private events – thoughts, perceptions, judgements, self-statements, and even thoughts, perceptions, judgements, self-statements and even tacit (unconscious) assumptions – and have studied and manipulated these processes in their attempts to understand and modify over and covert disturbed behaviour. cognitive restructuring: is a general term for changing a pattern of thought that is presumed to be causing a disturbed emotion or behaviour. Beck’s Cognitive Therapy: developed a cognitive therapy for depression based on the idea that a depressed mood is caused by distortions in the way people perceive life experiences. tries to persuade patient
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