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HIST 3020 (17)

March 4- History Notes .docx

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HIST 3020
Caitlin Holton

Tuesday March 4 Sexuality and Gender in History: Guest Lecturer Illicit Sex in Early Modern Britain:Alice Glaze Female element to the studies Reformation: Protestant and Catholic Reformation, British Civil Wars “Age of Anxiety” – Luther, Calvin, new and established churches are trying to gain and keep followers -created a need for discipline -intense focus on catechism and discipline: are they acting right Starting with the Protestant reformation, have a lot more records (church at this time was trying to sort things out) British Civil Wars: Wars in the 3 Kingdoms Charles I, Oliver Cromwell Ended with Charles I being beheaded and then Cromwell taking over Puritan to not puritan once this ended (Restoration) (year?) Licit: sex within marriage ** Big social sciences push in the 60’s, 70’s (study of bastardy became very popular) More research done on England than Scotland because of the population size Probable SocialAttitudes to Extra-Marital Sex Marriage was a primarily economic partnership (pre and post-Reformation) Sexual maturity- 10 years- Marriage --Therefore, sex before marriage probable/inevitable? Variety of options for ‘sex’ Common bridal pregnancies (prenuptial fornication): 22% of brides in 17 c. England Not everyone was treated equally (Economic/social status as a factor [not enough power to persecute nobility], sex/gender: expectation that men would be bragging to a certain extent [but had to be careful or would be prosecuted, not become common gossip]) Prostitution as semi-legitimized? Bishops owning brothels, using the profits from them to give to the poor Chart: Puritans really good at stomping out sexual sin (hence the dip) [theory] -Context says that there was a war going on, causing people to have less sex -Lack of contraception -Soldiers coming in, women left alone -Female servants, male employer (minority of cases) -Promiscuity (maybe they’re all just hussies) -Unrecognized/unofficial marriage -Marriage thwarted (death, soldier goes off to war, etc) Richard Adare English ‘highlands’and English ‘lowlands’(highlands= slightly more rocky) Culturally different marriage processes Highlands- courtship, spousal (engagement), long time (get economics together), church ceremony Sex was fairly condoned after the spousal Lowlands- courtship, optional spousal, church ceremony Less commitment General: Laity and clergy did not agree on sex (when its okay- social ideas tend to be more lax, and bridal pregnancy and illegitimacy were fairly common) BUT social attitudes have limits! Not totally condoning behaviour Categories of different: gender, economics, geography/culture – not everyone treated the same Canongate, Scotland:ACase Study Edinburgh and Canongate (c. 1647) Presbyterian court system Kirk sessionsPresbyteriesSynodsGeneralAssembly *Strict, especially during times of strife like the Civil Wars Women and Fornication Penance in Scotland Women bore the brunt of kirk discipl
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