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Lecture 19

Lecture 19 Social Psychology part 1.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1000
Professor
Lisa Giguere
Semester
Winter

Description
Social Psychology (part 1) Lecture 19 Nov. 13, 2012 1. How do we explain behavior of others? - Attribution- conclusion about cause of observed behavior - Situational attributions- factors outside person are causing action - Disposition attribution- person’s stable enduring traits, personality, causing action Fundamental attribution error - When we overestimate dispositional influences and underestimate situational influenced on other’s behavior - It is fundamental, particularly in North America o more likely to respond negatively to others (eg/ irritability) o less likely to respond positively to others (eg/ tolerance) Dispositional attribution > unfavourable response Situational attribution > empathic response Actor- Observer effect - when we explain our own behavior - blame situation for our failures - assume successes are because of disposition 2. What’s an attitude? - it is an evaluation of a person, place, object, event or behavior - components of attitudes (ABC) o Affective- emotions of feelings toward o Behavioural- actions that result from o Cognitive- knowledge about What are some of the functions of attitudes? - know our likes/ dislikes - alert to potential rewards, costs, threats, in the situation - help express beliefs and values - help organize information o know what to pay attnention to, remember, recall o more efficient to understand info, more likely to be biased Are perceptions of who won political debate shapes by actual debate? - 1980 us election - jimmy
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