Social Psychology (part 1)
Nov. 13, 2012
1. How do we explain behavior of others?
- Attribution- conclusion about cause of observed behavior
- Situational attributions- factors outside person are causing action
- Disposition attribution- person’s stable enduring traits, personality,
Fundamental attribution error
- When we overestimate dispositional influences and underestimate
situational influenced on other’s behavior
- It is fundamental, particularly in North America
o more likely to respond negatively to others (eg/ irritability)
o less likely to respond positively to others (eg/ tolerance)
Dispositional attribution > unfavourable response
Situational attribution > empathic response
Actor- Observer effect
- when we explain our own behavior
- blame situation for our failures
- assume successes are because of disposition
2. What’s an attitude?
- it is an evaluation of a person, place, object, event or behavior
- components of attitudes (ABC)
o Affective- emotions of feelings toward
o Behavioural- actions that result from
o Cognitive- knowledge about
What are some of the functions of attitudes?
- know our likes/ dislikes
- alert to potential rewards, costs, threats, in the situation
- help express beliefs and values
- help organize information
o know what to pay attnention to, remember, recall
o more efficient to understand info, more likely to be biased
Are perceptions of who won political debate shapes by actual debate?
- 1980 us election