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PSYC 2650 (166)

lesson 20

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University of Guelph
PSYC 2650
Anneke Olthof

Language Development Language development proceeds rapidly in the first few years of life. Phases of language development Pre-linguistic Holophrastic period (around 1 year/ first word) Telegraphic period (starting to combine words/contents are like telegrams) Language learning (ask questions/adverbs/prepositions) Pre-linguistic - Cooing Early sensitivity to speech Newborns react to human speech Recognize mother’s voice at 3 days prefer mother’s language and voice Young infants can describe more phonemes than adults Infants engage in “pseudo dialogues” with their caregivers Infants are highly skilled at nonverbal communication Proto-declarative (Use a gesture to declare an object) Proto-imperitive (use a gesture to get somebody to do something for them) Joint visual attention (Ability to know what another person is thinking about or looking at, following their gaze - this ability maybe a pre-cursor to language development) cooing babbling Holophrastic Period a single-word utterance with meaning of entire sentence Word learning slow at first Naming explosion Rapid acquisition of new words for objects 18-24 months Types of early words children use (50 word vocabulary) Objects - 65% action words - 13% modifiers - 9% social words - 8% function words - 4% Learning the meaning of words Linking word and meaning after 1 or 2
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