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Lecture 1

SOC 1500 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Official Statistics, Actus Reus, Homicide


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 1500
Professor
Michelle Dumas
Lecture
1

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CONSENSUS CRIMES:
• Predatory
Mala in se
Most people agree that it is wrong
Murder
CONFLICT CRIMES:
Mala prohibit
Controversial about whether its a crime
Wrong because the law says it is
Drug use, gambling, soliciting prostitution
Morality
Difficult to enforce
DEFINING CRIME AND DEVIANCE:
Cultural relativity
Historical relativity
Contextual relativity (the audience, situation, trait of the actor deviant in one context
but is acceptable in another i.e. swearing and yelling in a sports bar but this is to
acceptable at a wedding)
Gender relativity (criminal justice system is more harsh on females she they act in a
non feminine way but males are not affected this way as well)
THE LINK: DEVIANCE AND CRIME:
Can be deviant without being a criminal (getting tattoos) or criminal without being
deviant (speeding along with everyone else on the road)
OCCUPATIONS:
Criminologist someone studying crime, criminals or criminal behavior (researchers,
policy analysts look at trends and patterns)
Criminalist skilled investigator, scientist, CSI, use science to investigate crimes
(ballistics, science, fingerprinting)
Criminal justice professionals >>> work in the system (police, judge, attorney,
probation officers)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM:
Work together to prevent or respond to crime (police officers are front lines of criminal
justice system and they take calls or discover it)
Police make decision at front line
When police lay official charges they're making a formal accusation that person
committed a crime and move into next faze
Plead guilty or not guilty in court… plead not guilty and you go to trial with judge or
judge/jury
If found guilty you will go to a federal prison (2+ years) and provincial prison (2 years
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