SOC 3490 Lecture Notes - Tunnel Vision, Guy Paul Morin, Donald Marshall, Jr.
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WEEK 9 Lec 6 Mon March 11.
Wrongful Convictions (p.2)
1 Criminal Code
- Sec 696.1 allows for review of WC cases
- Exact incidence unknown (6-20%)
2 Role of Official Explanation
- OVL as a problem
- Agents of social control: shift blame to others
o Witnesses unreliable or couldn’t remember
- Juries: belief in eyewitnesses
o Juries tend to believe b/c why would they lie to the court
3 How is Human Error Possible?
- Use of deception
- Role of witness “truth-telling”
- Targets are mostly the marginalized
o Lower classes
- Ex. Leo McGuigan (crown in Morin second trial): innocuous process
4 Some problems w components of the justice system and human error
o Don't tell them all their rights, may lose evidence on purpose, pick up wrong ppl b/c need suspect
- Crown attorneys
o Make name for themselves
o Class diffs, racism, biases (construct jury right??)
- Forensic experts
5 Problem w WCs: Targets are the lower classes
- Poor, minorities, aboriginals
- Mentally ill
- “criminal classes”
- “weird” ppl (Morin)
6 Case Studies
- Donald Marshall Jr.
o 1970s wrongful convictions weren’t talked about
- David Milgaard
o 1969, hippie
- Guy Paul Morin
- William Mullins- Johnson
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