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Soc 360 September 25th 2012.doc

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SOC 360
Darrell Mc Laughlin

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Sth 360 September 25 2012 1 Housekeeping: Intercordia info sessions Tues Oct 2 4pm Wed Oct 3 4:30 STM 344A Week 3: Continuing the back grounding the great debates political power and civil society reconfigurations? the fate of natural culture? A global economy? World orders, normative choices what are the things that we look for in our choices that affect globalization Part one: understanding globalization specific chapters Political Power and Civil Society: Reconfigurations? Some say it is a myth, that globalization doesn't exist, others say it is a reality and we need to look after it The modern state specifies proper human activities; we live with national boundaries, we work in national economies, we share values of what a nation and its citizens should be Quantitative growth of the state; not uniform, we see if not in reality (in terms of growth of the role of the state). Comes up against economic restrains ex; education: we are struggling to do more with less we expect more from the state to OECD countries more powerful. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development initially there was 16, now there is 34ish more industrialized countries in the world military component in place as well as economical powers The formation and rule of the modern state Citizens of 1000 years ago: identities and consciousness; How people identify themselves has changed drastically over the last 1000 years 500 years ago: absolute and constitutional monarchies in Europe; would have lived in more traditional societies we started to see a major shift --> political composition is why Sth 360 September 25 2012 2 in conjunction with economic and religious movements where happening as well Sixteen century: Modern nation-state (started to take shape) political bodies, separate from ruler and ruled (ruled started to see they had rights, initially they were not equal [are they today?] merchants had their rights recognized before peasants, slaves, and women) supreme jurisdiction back by monopoly of force (couldn't have rulers in small kingdoms rise against the monarch that would be treason today police and military) an impersonal structure (is key; we expect people to be treated equally before the law, before the different bodies of force), and seen as legitimate. Did not happen over night, composition and role of the state has shifted over Post WW 2 Decolonization by European powers; saw they couldnt make happen what they promised to, sometimes were forced out , became to expensive according to the mother country, neocoloinziation New Multilateral forms of international coordination and cooperation (UN, Human Rights); Nation-state assumed that it should be a liberal or representative democracy. Once it de(evolves) from monarch it would move toward some form of democracy The sceptics view 21th Century as the age of the modern state (force, tax and redistribute, national language, literacy, and welfare institutions; will continue to be the focus of force tax will not revolve or evolve we will not see a super national body that will eclipse the nation-state Demand side economics policies (Keynesian economics) of the 50s to 70s; well the economies of shifting the role of the government will still stand basis of the welfare state theories used to address the problem of the depression ... ect Up until 1930s there were liberal thinkers (in the tradition of smith and recardo) who thought about the economy as being a free enterprise let the market determine what gets done by who there was a crisis about ever 10 years, every 30 a serious crisis over supply of goods --- people would be laid off, which means theySth 360 September 25 2012 3 couldnt purchase which would make more people get laid off ... ect spiralled downward until it reached a bottom. After that people would be called back to work, more demand, more work ... ect 1930s Keynesian suggest there be state intervention, which meant the state would create jobs ... ect WWII -- happened in the 30s too other countries saw German building up arms and they started building up arms as well, which helped to build up the economy Supply side economic policies (develop human capital and infrastructure). 1970s and 1980s attempted to shift sides in terms of who benefited goal: to attract people to your area based on what you can offer them Ex: now, Saskatoon competing with Regina or MooseJaw for who brings in the best capital Decolonization not a world of equals: world hasnt globalized to where we have equals Invisible governance by corporations, banks and international
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