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Lecture

PSYCH101 Lecture Notes - Harry Harlow, Self-Actualization, Belongingness


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH101
Professor
Richard Ennis

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30 October 2012
Motivation
Environment
X
Mechanistic Approach They are automatic and mechanic in terms of how we act. We do them automatically. Some of
our motivation comes from within the individual
Internal Push: Instincts, Needs, and Drives
o Example. When we’re hungry. Hunger is what propels our drive to eat.
o Hydraulic model: Our physiological factors build in strength, and the drive increases, and once these
needs are satisfied, they decrease. Needs are build, and you draw onto that behaviour.
o Need-Drive Model
o Going back to Harry Harlow’s experiments; we enter the world for a need for social interaction, in order
to form a bond or emotional connection with our caregiver. There is an instinctive component to it
because we arrive with some of these needs
o Drive Production Theories: In the absence of any attachment, the need would begin to grow and
become a hunger. The longer the absence continues, the stronger the drive comes to interact and socialize
with others. Then once you are satisfied, the motive and needs begins to produce
Humanistic Approach The action haves in the person, particular in the notion of a human being. Looking at why
humans are doing what they are doing, doing examples with a cat are limited. Especially in terms of social and
psychological needs.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs:
o But unfortunately it’s garbage. He had never tested it or experimented it, yet people use it
Person: Motivation comes within the
person, a sort of instinct to engage in
certain behaviours. For example, the
sucking response, this is an instinctive
behaviour.
Driven by our instincts, as well as our
needs and drives.
Behaviour: We have certain instincts to
behave a certain way. For example,
aggression is more prominent in two
year olds.
Outcomes: Certain outcomes have
value. And when we obtain them, the
law of effect with come in, reinforcing
or preceding the behaviour. There is an
incentive value.
Need to llive up to one's fllest and unique potential
Self-
actualization
needs
Need for self-esteem, acheivement, compensatence,
and independence; need for recognition and respect
from others
Esteem Needs
Need to love and be loved, to belong and be
accepted, need to avoid loneliness and
alienation
Belongingness and love
needs
Need to feel that the world is
organized and predicatble; need to
feel safe, secure, and stable
Safety Needs
Need to satisfy hunger and
thirst
Physiological Needs
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