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Reading Response W13 HIS 103.docx

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University of British Columbia
HIST 103
Jeffrey Byrne

Nurul Hanisah Kamarul Zaman (18499129) Week 13 HIST 103 101 TheAtlantic Charter versus Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points TheAtlantic Charter was signed in 1941 by Franklin D. Roosevelt (United States) and Winston Churchill (Britain) and later on, agreed by Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union) who was not present during the meeting. The declaration is, to a certain degree, similar to Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points which was signed earlier in 1918. Both declarations ultimately seek to promote global peace around the world, which means halting all wars that happened during that period. Similarly, theAtlantic Charter and Wilson’s 14 Points attempt to halt any nations from further annexing other nations that are inferior to them and both advocate the principle of self- determination. Through the principle of self-determination, the colonized nations are given back their rights to rule their own government. Despite the similarity that exist in both declarations, there are certain fundamental aspects that distinguish both of them from each other. In theAtlantic Charter, there is some mentioning about individual rights whereby in Wilson’s 14 Points, there was not any mentioning of such rights. For instance, in theAtlantic Charter, it states that “The peace gained should allow men to do whatever they want to achieve” while Wilson’s 14 Points focused on the right of states to navigate wherever they want be it “the seas, outside territorial waters” except during the period when the seas are needed as part of the global enforcement effort” (Roosevelt, Wilson). On the other hand, from the economic perspective, both mention the effort to establish trade relationships by introducing the free trade economy but only theAtlantic Charter that had the plan to embark on the global economic cooperation which does not only involve the activities of export and import of goods, it also involves the effort to build the economy of the participating nations. Such a move will be able to promote a global economic prosperity. In conclusion, the Atlantic Charter is the period where the inception of individual rights lie and economic cooperation aims to benefit the participating nations globally. Nurul Hanisah Kamarul Zaman (18499129) Week 13 HIST 103 101 Difference: - The Atlantic Charter mentions the individual rights such as at #7 while Woodrow Wilson’s focused on the right of states to navigate wherever they want except during the period where #2  significantly, the Atlantic Charter doesn’t make the term applicable to certain nations; the term applies to all. For instance, in Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points, it states that Belgium should be given the right to enjoy its own sovereignty. However, in the Atlantic Charter, it states #3 - From the economic perspective, both mention the trade relationship by having a free trade but only the Atlantic Charter that had the plan to embark on the global economic cooperation - Conclusion: The Atlantic Charter Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points 1) The countries seek no 1) Any diplomacy negotiation should be aggrandizement, territorial or other done openly 2) Absolute freedom of navigation upon 2) No territorial changes that do not the seas, outside territorial waters, accord with the freely expressed alike in peace and in war, except as wishes of the people concerned seas may be closed in whole or in part by international action for the 3) Respect the right of all peoples to enforcement of international covenants choose the form of government under 3) Removal of all economic barriers and which they will live, and they wish to the establishment of an equality trade see sovereign rights and self- 4) National armaments will be reduced government restored to those who to the lowest point consistent with have been forcibly deprived of them domestic safety 5) A free, open-minded, and absolutely 4) Free trade impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict 5) To bring about the fullest collaboration observance of the principle that in between all nations in the economic determining all such questions of field sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have 6) After defeating the Nazis, hope to equal weight with t
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