Disciplinarity is not a synonym for disciplines or. Disciplines: branches of knowledge, typically one studied in higher education. Disciplinarity: refers to ways different disciplines can come together (collaborate) for research purposes. The study of history has the same relevance for students of health as does the study of evolution for students of biology. History can help us to explain why the world looks the way it does (health inequities), and what forces continue to shape it. Many methods and approaches to the study of history, history of health. Thucydides c. 460-400 bc introduced the scientific approach to the study of history. Emphasized chronology, neutrality, idea that human world is result of the actions of people. Commonly invoked in dominant accounts of western medicine and in histories of science and technology. Materialist approaches that inform many of the social and societal models of health we will discuss.